Anzali Lagoon with an area of about 20,000 hectares is located in northern Iran, Gilan Province. The Anzali Lagoon is considered one of the most interesting and largest natural habitats in Iran, and it attracts many birds coming to Iran from neighboring countries each year. Anzali Lagoon is not comparable with any of Iran’s other lagoons because of its geographical location and high humidity. The Anzali Lagoon includes several islands.
The wetland generally has warm and humid summers and mild winters. The atmospheric profile of Anzali Lagoon is similar to Anzali city, except that the humidity of the wetland is more than the adjoining areas. The atmospheric coordinates of this area are characterized by the maximum annual rainfall in winter and the maximum moisture content in the summer. Minimum temperature in the winter is close to zero degrees Celsius and rarely below zero, and in mid-summer it is reported at a maximum between 33 and 36 degrees Celsius.
The Anzali Lagoon is a coastal wetland and is supported by a sailing channel that is connected to the Caspian Sea through two breakwaters located at the Anzali harbor facility. The catchment area of the wetland is about 374,000 hectares.
Anzali lagoon is one of the natural and freshwater wetlands of the country and has 11 main rivers and 30 sub-rivers. The maximum depth of the lagoon reaches 5.2 m in the spring and in the western part of the wetland, which varies due to fluctuations in the surface of the Caspian Sea.
This wetland is a spawning site for aquatic animals, and also is a shelter for native and migratory birds. There are beautiful islands within the lagoon, and two beautiful cities of Bandar Anzali and Abkenar are located on its coast.
With over 100 bird species, 50 species of fish, and hundreds of plant species, Anzali Lagoon has created a unique ecosystem. Anzali International Lagoon has been attracting innumerable domestic travelers and foreign tourists every year.