Baneh is a city in Kurdistan province, located on the western border of Iran. Baneh city is located 20 km from Iran’s border with Iraq.
It is bordered by Saqqez to the east, Marivan to the south, Sardasht to the west and is approximately 30 km from the Iraqi province of Iraqi Kurdistan.
It has large oak forests. Importing foreign goods and exporting Iranian goods through the Baneh-Iraq border has brought a boost to the city.
According to the 2016 census, the city has a population of 115,325. After the cities of Sanandaj, Marivan, Saqqez is the fourth largest city in Kurdistan province and the 109th-largest in Iran. Located in the heart of the Zagros Mountains, the vicinity is known for its unique oak forests.
The name Baneh comes from the Kurdish word “Ban”, means “Roof”, influenced by the heights and the manner of establishment and location of the city of Baneh. The height of 1554 meters above the sea level and the high elevation of the surrounding landscape has caused the people (in the old Baneh neighborhood) to cross an uphill road to reach the city.
Baneh has cold winters and mild summers and also air temperature difference of twenty degrees below zero to thirty-six degrees above zero.The amount of annual precipitation is 921 mm.
Since 1995, cross-border trade flourished in Baneh. One of its effects, commodity prices were coming down. That’s why the field of making shopping malls to selling cross-border cheaper goods arose, that to this date nearly 110 shopping center built in the city. This process during 20 years made Baneh one of the most important economical hubs in the country.