The collection of waterfalls and watermills of Shushtar

The collection of waterfalls and watermills of Shushtar

The collection of waterfalls and watermills of Shushtar is a part of Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System. At the annual meeting of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee on June 26, 2009 in Seville, Spain, this collection with fifteen other structures has been registered as the Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, and is Iran’s 10th cultural heritage site to be registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List (No. 1315).

The collection of waterfalls and watermills of Shushtar          The collection of waterfalls and watermills of Shushtar

The collection of waterfalls and watermills of Shushtar is one of the most unusual examples used for optimal water use in ancient times. This site is a collection of dam, tunnels, subsidiary canals and water mills, which is an industrial-economic complex and is part of the large complex of Shushtar’s structures, which has been repeatedly mentioned in historical books. The core of the work of this complex is as follows that; the GarGar dam blocks the river route and elevates the surface of the water due to dewatering three dug tunnels.

The collection of waterfalls and watermills of Shushtar          The collection of waterfalls and watermills of Shushtar

The triple tunnels lead the water into this set, and they are divided into several channels, which, after turning the waterwheel mill, then water flows like waterfall into pond areas. One of the most prominent features of the complex of mills and waterfalls is its proximity to the historic texture of Shushtar. In addition to industrial uses, the site also provided the water of the residents in dehydrated days. There is a very beautiful and unique visual feature in this collection, which is that the wastewater of these watermills creates the beautiful artificial waterfalls, which pours into the pond areas.

The collection of waterfalls and watermills of Shushtar          The collection of waterfalls and watermills of Shushtar

The collection of waterfalls and watermills of Shushtar due to the construction time, are masterpieces of the engineering and technology in the world. This masterpiece of engineering is unique both in Iran and in the world. masterpieces in the world. This masterpiece of engineering is unique both in Iran and in the world. Undoubtedly, considering the importance of the city of Shushtar in the periods of history and the special attention to the construction of a water facility in the area that uses sophisticated engineering techniques, we are determined in the final result that the construction of the watermills belonged to the ancient era and even to the Sassanid era.

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