Gonbad-e Kavus is a city center of Gonbad-e-Kavus city in Golestan province of Iran, whose population, by the census of 2011, was about 144,546. Gonbad-e-Kavus is famous for possessing the world’s tallest brick towers, built in the 11th century. This city has been considered as the center of Turkmen Sahra in the last century and is the largest city in Golestan province.
At the current location of the city of Gonbad-e Kavus, in the ancient times, a city called Hirkan and then Gorgan “Gurjan” was located and because of its presence on the Silk Road, it has been of great importance in commerce.
The current city was founded in 1926, during the Pahlavi dynasty on the orders of Reza Shah, and in order to thank Qaboos Bin Voshmyr, he named the city as Gonbad-e Qabus (now changed to Gonbad-e Kavus). The main map of this city was designed by German experts in accordance with the principles of urbanization, and therefore has cross-streets and with a chess pattern lacking in tight and old passages.
The average annual temperature in the Gonbad-e Kavus is 18.6 ° C. The average annual maximum temperature is 24.5 and the average annual minimum is 12.7 degrees. The average annual relative humidity in the Gonbad-e Kavus is 65 percent.
Gonbad-e Kavus has many tourism and historical areas, including the Gonbad-e Qaboos Tower, the cemetery and shrine of Khaled Nabi, the artificial lake of Gonbad-e Kavus, the al-Ghadir tourist park, the Great Market of Russia, the Gonbad-e Kavus riding complex, the historic city of Gorjan, Golestan Dam 1 and 2, and three lagoons of Almagol, Ajigol and Alagol near the bazaar.