Niavaran Palace is located in the northeast corner of Niavaran Garden. This palace is situated in Niavaran Garden complex in Shahid Bahonar Square (Niavaran Square), Tehran.
In the old days, Niavaran region was canebrake full of canes, where the people gone to the district to collect and use the canes. So it was known as the Ney (cane) Avaran district, which was renamed over to Niavaran.
The construction operation of this palace was initiated by order of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in 1958 and ended with the breakthrough in 1967. During Fathali Shah Qajar period, a smaller palace was located at the current site of the Niavaran Palace, which was destroyed by Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the Niavaran Palace was built instead.
The building was constructed with a total area of 9,000 square meters in two floors and a half-floor, early considered as a place to host foreign guests, but after it was built, it became house of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his family.
The Niavaran Palace was designed by Abdol-Aziz Mirza Farmanfarmaian. Another masters who were involved in the construction of this palace are; gilding by Master Abdullahi, mirrored by professor Ali Asghar and Tilework of exterior design by Professor Ebrahim Kazempour.
The ground floor of this building consists of a large hallway with the rooms formed around it. The rooms include VIP cinema, dining room, reception Hall, waiting room and adjoining corridors, and Blue Hall.
In the half-story of the building there are the working room, the conference room and the office of the secretary of Farah Diba, and the bedroom of Layla and her handmaid room. On the third floor there are the bedroom of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the makeup-dressing room of Farah Diba, as well as the rooms of the children of the Shah and their handmaids.
Precious collection of paintings of Iranian and foreign artists, Soft-paste porcelain of France Sevres factory and Rosenthal in Germany, and decorative objects and collection of Iranian exquisite Persian carpets have been decorated these spaces.