Persian Gulf (Pars or Pars Sea) is a waterway runs along the Oman Sea and is located between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula.
The Persian Gulf is 237,473 square kilometers and is the third largest bay in the world after the Gulf of Mexico and the Hudson Bay. The Persian Gulf runs from the east through the Strait of Hormuz and the Oman Sea to the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea, and ends from the west to the Delta of the Arvandrood River, which is the result of the interconnection of the two rivers of the Tigris and Euphrates, and the entry of the Karun River.
Iran, Oman, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Qatar and Bahrain are on the Gulf. In the meantime, the northern coast of the Persian Gulf is entirely in the political geography of Iran.
Geologists believe that about a hundred and fifty years ago, the Persian Gulf’s initial form was shaped along the southern plains of Iran, and over time, it gained its constant form due to the transformation of the inner and outer structure of the earth. The Persian Gulf at the beginning was so vast that, until the end of the third period of geology, the plains of Borazjan, Behbahan and Khuzestan to the Zagros Mountains were underwater.
There are many islands in the Persian Gulf, some of which are of minor importance and some of the great importance. Most of the Persian Gulf’s important islands belong to Iran. The major islands of the Persian Gulf include Qeshm, Bahrain, Kish, Kharg Island, Abu Musa, the Great Tunb, Little Tunb and Lavan Island.
Of the Persian Gulf States, more than 30 residential and non-residential islands belong to Iran. Some of these islands are submerged due to the drainage of water (tide) and are uninhabited. Persian Gulf non-resident islands are of great global importance due to being habitat of migratory birds, marine coral reefs and Tern and turtle hatching place.
The Gulf is one of the largest sanctuaries for marine organisms such as coral, small decorative fish, edible and non-edible fish, shellfish, snails, molluscs, sea anemone, sea sponge, Jellyfish, turtles, dolphins, sharks, and many other marine creatures.
Five out of eight species of existing turtles in the world live in the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman, where 2 species of eagle turtles and green turtles laying down their eggs on the Iranian coasts and islands.