Tabriz is one of the major cities in Iran and the capital of the East Azerbaijan province. It is the largest city in the northwestern region of Iran and the Azeri areas, and is the administrative, communication, commercial, political, industrial, cultural and military center of the region.
The population of Tabriz is 1, 558, 693, and the majority of the inhabitants of Tabriz are Azerbaijani and speak Azerbaijani Turkish with Tabrizi ; however, some historical documents indicate that until the 18th century, the Azeri language, a branch of Persian language, was spoken in This city.
Tabriz’s climate is dry steppe with warm and dry summers and cold winters. The cold winter is influenced by high altitude and mountain topography of the region. The weather in this city is hot and dry in summer, although the heat is moderated due to its proximity to Sahand Mountain and the presence of many gardens around the city.
The average temperature of Tabriz in July (the warmest month of the year) is 25.4 ° C, in January (the coldest month of the year) is -2.5 ° C, in April 10.5 ° C and in October 14.1 ° C and average annual temperature Is 11.9 ° C. The average annual precipitation in Tabriz is very low, as much as 330.1 mm per year. Usually, during the summer season, rainfall is very low, and rarely rainfall occurs.
From the old days, the location of Tabriz city at the end of Iran’s trade route to the west and the Silk Road, in addition to the boom in commerce, has boosted culture and art in this city. In the contemporary era, the establishment of the Memorial Church in the late nineteenth century, and later the establishment of the University of Tabriz, as well as the existence of intellectual currents in the city, has boosted the city’s cultural exchanges. This city is also the origin of one of the schools of Iranian painting which is known as the “Tabriz Maktab”.
The city of Tabriz is among the most prosperous cities of Iran in terms of the number of old houses. By 2008, more than 600 historic houses have been identified in Tabriz. In recent decades, many of the historical houses of Tabriz have been restored and turned into new places, including the houses of Koozeh Kan’ani house – on Rastekoucheh Street – to the Constitutional Museum, Sharbat Oghli House – on saghatol-Islam Street – to the Tabriz Cultural Center and the Ghadaki House, Ganjei Zadeh and Behnam – on Maghsoodie have become the college of architecture. Many other historic houses in Tabriz are also being restored and after that they will turn to the museum and cultural centers.
Tabriz is one of the largest economic hubs in Iran. The economic activities of the city are concentrated in the sectors of heavy and light industry, food industry, arts and crafts, trade and services. Tabriz is the headquarters of four brands of 100 authentic Iranian brands.