Zagros is a mountain range from the west to the southwest of Iran. This mountain range begins from the shores of Lake Van in Turkish Kurdistan and after crossing the provinces of West Azerbaijan, Kurdistan, Kermanshah, Hamedan, Markazi, Ilam, Isfahan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Khuzestan and Lorestan continues to Fars, Kerman and Hormozgan. The range also extends to northern Iraq.
The remains of the cave in the Zagros Mountains in western Iran, which date back to around 100,000 BC, indicate the human habitation in these areas during the Middle Paleolithic (30,000 to 300,000 years ago).
The results of the research on the bones of the first farmers in the Zagros region of Iran indicate that the DNA of ancient farmers from Zagros is most similar to the Zoroastrians of Iran and today’s inhabitants of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran, and is very different from those who brought agriculture from Turkey to Europe.
The remarkable difference between the genealogy of the early farmers of the east and west of the fertile crescent, which until now was thought to be of a race, is reflected as the achievement of this study by an international team in the journal Science.